Nanoporous molecular crystals

Neil B. McKeown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nanoporous Molecular Crystals (NMCs) are nanoporous materials composed of discrete molecules between which there are only non-covalent interactions-i.e. they do not possess an extended framework composed of covalent or coordination bonds. They are formed from removing guest molecules from inclusion compounds (ICs) a process that for most ICs usually results in the collapse of the open structure of the crystals but in the case of NMCs the packing of the host molecules is retained and nanoporosity obtained. In recent years a number of NMCs have been confirmed by the technique of gas adsorption and these materials are surveyed in this feature article. In addition, the reasons for stability of these crystals are discussed. It is the author's belief that many more ICs, the structures of which are readily obtainable from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD), may act as precursors to NMCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10588-10597
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume20
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • HYPERPOLARIZED XE-129 NMR
  • HYDROGEN-BONDED NETWORKS
  • DER-WAALS HOST
  • METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS
  • SINGLE-CRYSTAL
  • INCLUSION-COMPOUNDS
  • BUILDING-BLOCKS
  • CARBON-DIOXIDE
  • SOLID-STATE
  • HYDROPHOBIC DIPEPTIDES

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