Narrative overview of animal and human brucellosis in Morocco: intensification of livestock production as a driver for emergence?

Marie Ducrotoy, Khaoula Ammary, Hicham Ait Lbacha, Zaid Zouagui, Virginie Mick, Laura Prevost, Ward Bryssinckx, Susan Welburn, Abdelali Benkirane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Brucellosis is one of the most widespread zoonoses in the world caused by several species of the genus Brucella. The disease, eradicated in many developed countries, is a re-emerging neglected zoonosis endemic in several zones especially in the Mediterranean region, impacting on human health and livestock production. A One Health approach could address brucellosis control in Morocco but scarcity of reliable epidemiological data, as well as underreporting, hinders the implementation of sustainable control strategies. Surveillance and control policies implemented by the Moroccan government in domestic animals (cattle and small ruminants) in the last few decades are assessed for disease impact. This study considers the origins of animal brucellosis in Morocco and the potential for emergence of brucellosis during a shift from extensive to intensive livestock production.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInfectious diseases of poverty
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2015

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