National testing policies and educator based testing for accountability: The role of selection in student achievement

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Abstract

Increasingly accountability in education has linked student test scores to teacher and school evaluations. The underlying assumption behind this educator based
accountability is that the high stakes linked to student test scores will prompt
behavioral change, thus improving student learning and education quality. This study conducts a cross policy analysis using pooled data from the 2009 PISA, categorizing participant countries of the 2009 PISA into three national testing policies based on what type of educator based accountability is applied in the country. Results indicate that initial differences between national testing policy categories are not significant once school types and school practices that select on the student are included. This suggests that potential gains from more stringent accountability may be an artifact of schools under pressure engaging in practices that shape their testing pool, such as admitting only relatively high achieving students or transferring out lower achieving students.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-150
Number of pages20
JournalOECD Journal: Economic Studies
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2017

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