Near Fatal and Fatal Asthma and Air Pollution – are we missing an opportunity to ask key questions?

Deepa Varghese*, Tom Clemens, Ann McMurray, Hilary Pinnock, Jonathan Grigg, Steve Cunningham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

There is an increasing body of evidence supporting the link between asthma attacks and air pollution in children. To our knowledge, there has only been one reported case of a fatal asthma attack in a child associated with air pollution and this was in the UK. This article considers why there is a lack of evidence on fatal asthma and air pollution. We also explore three challenges. (1) Fatal and near fatal asthma events are rare and not yet well understood. (2) Measuring and interpreting personal exposure to air pollution with sufficient temporal and spatial detail is challenging to interpret in the context of individual fatal or near fatal asthma attacks. (3) Current studies are not designed to answer the question of whether or to what extent air pollution is associated with fatal/near fatal asthma attacks in children. Conclusive evidence is not yet available and systems of data collection for both air pollution and fatal and near fatal asthma attacks should be enhanced to ensure risk can be determined and impact minimised.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Early online date10 Nov 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2023


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