Neural input modulates osmotically stimulated release of vasopressin into the supraoptic nucleus

M Ludwig, M F Callahan, R Landgraf, A K Johnson, M Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The effects of lesioning of the anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V) region on vasopressin (VP) release into the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and blood in response to central and systemic osmotic stimulation were determined. Microdialysis probes were implanted bilaterally within the SON of male urethan-anesthetized rats with sham or AV3V lesions. Osmotic stimuli were administered intraperitoneally (3.5 M NaCl, 600 microliters/100 g body wt) and then via the microdialysis probes (1 M NaCl-artificial cerebrospinal fluid). AV3V lesions attenuated the response to systemic osmotic stimulation. The lesioned rats showed no increase in intranuclear VP release and reduced plasma VP (increase of 42.6 +/- 8.4 vs. 78.0 +/- 16.4 pg/ml) and blood pressure responses (7.1 +/- 2.3 vs. 19.6 +/- 3.2 mmHg) to intraperitoneal NaCl. In contrast, the endocrine and cardiovascular responses to direct osmotic stimulation of the nucleus were as seen in previous studies and seemed to be unaffected by the lesion. These results show that lesion of the AV3V region interrupts neuronal inputs which trigger VP secretion from the posterior pituitary as well as release into the extracellular compartment of the SON.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E787-92
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number5 Pt 1
Publication statusPublished - May 1996

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure
  • Injections, Intraperitoneal
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Nervous System Physiological Phenomena
  • Osmosis
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Saline Solution, Hypertonic
  • Supraoptic Nucleus
  • Vasopressins


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