Poly(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMA EM A) brushes have been grown by surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) from a polyanionic macroinitiator adsorbed at the sapphire water interface, and neutron reflectivity has been used to characterize the structures and pH response of the brushes. The polymer brushes are well-described by Gaussian density profiles with an additional thin, dense layer close to the solid liquid interface for the thicker brushes at pH 7 and 9, which produces a spike in the density profile. The spike in the distribution accounts for less than 5% of the polymer and disappears Os the brushes swell at pH 3. The observed swelling behavior has been used in combination with the predictions of scaling theory and previous experimental measurements to determine the grafted density of PDMAEM A chains.
- TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
- SURFACE-INITIATED POLYMERIZATIONS
- WEAK POLYELECTROLYTE BRUSH
- CONSISTENT-FIELD THEORY
- GRAFTING DENSITY