New constraints on cosmological modified gravity theories from anisotropic three-point correlation functions of BOSS DR12 galaxies

Naonori S. Sugiyama*, Daisuke Yamauchi, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Tomohiro Fujita, Shun Arai, Shin'ichi Hirano, Shun Saito, Florian Beutler, Hee Jong Seo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

We report a new test of modified gravity theories using the large-scale structure of the Universe. This paper is the first attempt to (1) apply a joint analysis of the anisotropic components of galaxy two- and three-point correlation functions (2 and 3PCFs) to actual galaxy data and (2) constrain the non-linear effects of degenerate higher-order scalar-tensor (DHOST) theories on cosmological scales. Applying this analysis to the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) data release 12, we obtain the lower bounds of -1.655 < ζt and -0.504 < ζs at the confidence level on the parameters characterizing the time evolution of the tidal and shift terms of the second-order velocity field. These constraints are consistent with GR predictions of ζt = 15/1144 and ζs = 0. Moreover, they represent a 35-fold and 20-fold improvement, respectively, over the joint analysis with only the isotropic 3PCF. We ensure the validity of our results by investigating various quantities, including theoretical models of the 3PCF, window function corrections, cumulative S/N, Fisher matrices, and statistical scattering effects of mock simulation data. We also find statistically significant discrepancies between the BOSS data and the Patchy mocks for the 3PCF measurement. Finally, we package all of our 3PCF analysis codes under the name hitomi and make them publicly available so that readers can reproduce all the results of this paper and easily apply them to ongoing future galaxy surveys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3133-3191
Number of pages59
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume523
Issue number2
Early online date18 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • cosmology: observations
  • cosmology: theory
  • dark matter
  • large-scale structure of Universe

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