Nickel dithiolenes containing pendant thiophene units: precursors to dithiolene-polythiophene hybrid materials

Tania Anjos, Susan J. Roberts-Bleming, Adam Charlton, Neil Robertson, Andrew R. Mount, Simon J. Coles, Michael B. Hursthouse, Maher Kalaji, Patrick J. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The synthesis, electrochemical and spectroscopic properties of the new thiophene- substituted metal dithiolene complexes [Ni(b-3ted)(2)] (3) and [NBu4][Ni(b-3ted)(2)] ([NBu4][3]) are described [b-3ted = bis(3-thienyl)-1,2-ethylenedithiolene] and compared with new studies of the known compounds [Ni( b-2ted)(2)] (2) and [NBu4][Ni( b-2ted)(2)] ([NBu4][2]). X-Ray structures were determined for the neutral complexes 2 and 3 and both showed planar nickel dithiolene units with thiophene groups twisted out of the molecular plane, precluding close molecular p- stacking. Electrochemical investigations revealed two redox processes corresponding to interconversion between neutral, monoanionic and dianionic species for 3, analogous to 2. Oxidation of 0.1 mM [3](-) in CH3CN was shown to give a green molecular film of 3 which, in contrast to as- prepared crystals of 3, showed significant conductivity. Electrochemical polymerisation of 3 carried out at different concentrations resulted in films; electrochemical, SNIFTIRS and UV- Vis results were consistent with incorporation of the intact metal dithiolene complex in these films. In contrast, electrochemical polymerisation of 2 gave a film charateristic of a polymerised thiophene but with no evidence of incorporation of the intact metal dithiolene complex. Copolymerisation of 3 with thiophene gave a gold- coloured electropolymerised film of significant conductivity that, upon dissolution in CH2Cl2, showed the characteristic low energy absorption of the Ni-dithiolene complex, confirming its incorporation. This copolymerisation approach offers a versatile route to the synthesis of metal dithiolene-polythiophene hybrid films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-483
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • MULTI-SULFUR 1,2-DITHIOLENE
  • ELECTRON-TRANSFER SERIES
  • RAY CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES
  • CONDUCTING POLYMERS
  • CONJUGATED METALLOPOLYMERS
  • MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE
  • COMPLEXES
  • METAL
  • ELECTROPOLYMERIZATION
  • LIGANDS

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