We examine the properties of the galaxies and dark matter haloes residing in the cluster infall region surrounding the simulated Λ cold dark matter galaxy cluster studied by Elahi et al. at z = 0. The 1.1 × 1015 h-1 M⊙ galaxy cluster has been simulated with eight different hydrodynamical codes containing a variety of hydrodynamic solvers and sub-grid schemes. All models completed a dark-matter-only, non-radiative and full-physics run from the same initial conditions. The simulations contain dark matter and gas with mass resolution mDM = 9.01 × 108 h-1 M⊙ and mgas = 1.9 × 108 h-1 M⊙, respectively. We find that the synthetic cluster is surrounded by clear filamentary structures that contain ˜60 per cent of haloes in the infall region with mass ˜1012.5-1014 h-1 M⊙, including 2-3 group-sized haloes (>1013 h-1 M⊙). However, we find that only ˜10 per cent of objects in the infall region are sub-haloes residing in haloes, which may suggest that there is not much ongoing pre-processing occurring in the infall region at z = 0. By examining the baryonic content contained within the haloes, we also show that the code-to-code scatter in stellar fraction across all halo masses is typically ˜2 orders of magnitude between the two most extreme cases, and this is predominantly due to the differences in sub-grid schemes and calibration procedures that each model uses. Models that do not include active galactic nucleus feedback typically produce too high stellar fractions compared to observations by at least ˜1 order of magnitude.
|Journal||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Sep 2016|
- methods: numerical
- galaxies: clusters: general
- dark matter