TY - UNPB

T1 - Non-asymptotic estimates for TUSLA algorithm for non-convex learning with applications to neural networks with ReLU activation function

AU - Lim, Dong-Young

AU - Neufeld, Ariel

AU - Sabanis, Sotirios

AU - Zhang, Ying

PY - 2021/7/19

Y1 - 2021/7/19

N2 - We consider non-convex stochastic optimization problems where the objective functions have super-linearly growing and discontinuous stochastic gradients. In such a setting, we provide a non-asymptotic analysis for the tamed unadjusted stochastic Langevin algorithm (TUSLA) introduced in Lovas et al. (2021). In particular, we establish non-asymptotic error bounds for the TUSLA algorithm in Wasserstein-1 and Wasserstein-2 distances. The latter result enables us to further derive non-asymptotic estimates for the expected excess risk. To illustrate the applicability of the main results, we consider an example from transfer learning with ReLU neural networks, which represents a key paradigm in machine learning. Numerical experiments are presented for the aforementioned example which supports our theoretical findings. Hence, in this setting, we demonstrate both theoretically and numerically that the TUSLA algorithm can solve the optimization problem involving neural networks with ReLU activation function. Besides, we provide simulation results for synthetic examples where popular algorithms, e.g. ADAM, AMSGrad, RMSProp, and (vanilla) SGD, may fail to find the minimizer of the objective functions due to the super-linear growth and the discontinuity of the corresponding stochastic gradient, while the TUSLA algorithm converges rapidly to the optimal solution.

AB - We consider non-convex stochastic optimization problems where the objective functions have super-linearly growing and discontinuous stochastic gradients. In such a setting, we provide a non-asymptotic analysis for the tamed unadjusted stochastic Langevin algorithm (TUSLA) introduced in Lovas et al. (2021). In particular, we establish non-asymptotic error bounds for the TUSLA algorithm in Wasserstein-1 and Wasserstein-2 distances. The latter result enables us to further derive non-asymptotic estimates for the expected excess risk. To illustrate the applicability of the main results, we consider an example from transfer learning with ReLU neural networks, which represents a key paradigm in machine learning. Numerical experiments are presented for the aforementioned example which supports our theoretical findings. Hence, in this setting, we demonstrate both theoretically and numerically that the TUSLA algorithm can solve the optimization problem involving neural networks with ReLU activation function. Besides, we provide simulation results for synthetic examples where popular algorithms, e.g. ADAM, AMSGrad, RMSProp, and (vanilla) SGD, may fail to find the minimizer of the objective functions due to the super-linear growth and the discontinuity of the corresponding stochastic gradient, while the TUSLA algorithm converges rapidly to the optimal solution.

KW - math.OC

KW - cs.LG

KW - cs.NA

KW - math.NA

KW - math.PR

KW - stat.ML

M3 - Working paper

BT - Non-asymptotic estimates for TUSLA algorithm for non-convex learning with applications to neural networks with ReLU activation function

PB - ArXiv

ER -