Two structurally related beta-lactams form different covalent complexes upon reaction with porcine elastase. The high resolution x-ray structures of these two complexes provide a clear insight into the mechanism of the reaction and suggest the design of a new class of serine protease inhibitors that resist enzyme reactivation by hydrolysis of the acyl intermediate. The presence of a hydroxyethyl substituent on the beta-lactam ring provides a new reaction pathway resulting in the elimination of the hydroxyethyl group and the formation of a stabilizing conjugated double bond system. In contrast, the presence of a diethyl substituent on the beta-lactam ring leads to addition of water. The two enzyme complexes show very different binding modes in the enzyme active site.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|