Novel Positive-Sense, Single-Stranded RNA ( plus ssRNA) Virus with Di-Cistronic Genome from Intestinal Content of Freshwater Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Akos Boros, Peter Pankovics, Peter Simmonds, Gabor Reuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel positive-sense, single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA) virus (Halastavi arva RNA virus, HalV; JN000306) with di-cistronic genome organization was serendipitously identified in intestinal contents of freshwater carps (Cyprinus carpio) fished by line-fishing from fishpond "Lorinte halasto" located in Veszprem County, Hungary. The complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of the genomic RNA is 9565 nt in length and contains two long - non-in-frame - open reading frames (ORFs), which are separated by an intergenic region. The ORF1 (replicase) is preceded by an untranslated sequence of 827 nt, while an untranslated region of 139 nt follows the ORF2 (capsid proteins). The deduced amino acid (aa) sequences of the ORFs showed only low (less than 32%) and partial similarity to the non-structural (2C-like helicase, 3C-like cystein protease and 3D-like RNA dependent RNA polymerase) and structural proteins (VP2/VP4/VP3) of virus families in Picornavirales especially to members of the viruses with dicistronic genome. Halastavi arva RNA virus is present in intestinal contents of omnivorous freshwater carps but the origin and the host species of this virus remains unknown. The unique viral sequence and the actual position indicate that Halastavi arva RNA virus seems to be the first member of a new di-cistronic ssRNA virus. Further studies are required to investigate the specific host species (and spectrum), ecology and role of Halastavi arva RNA virus in the nature.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberARTN e29145
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume6
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • SEQUENCE
  • PICORNA-LIKE VIRUSES
  • HARNAV
  • MARINE FUNGOID PROTIST
  • DICISTROVIRUSES
  • HETEROSIGMA-AKASHIWO
  • SCHIZOCHYTRIUM SP

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