A 1.3Mb chromosome 11-specific yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) that spans a t(1;11) translocation breakpoint associated with major psychosis has been used to enrich cDNAs that are encoded within it and expressed in the human foetal brain. Database analysis of the selected fragments led to the identification of 54 clones matching alpha-tubulin, 4 fragments matching two anonymous human expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and 8 fragments giving no database matches. The clones matching alpha-tubulin led to the identification of a novel alpha-tubulin locus located approximately 250 kb proximal to the translocation breakpoint. Extensive sequence and expression analysis of this locus suggests that this is a processed pseudogene, although a long open reading frame is maintained and the possibility that an abnormally acting protein may be expressed in a highly tissue or developmental specific manner cannot be discounted. The novel cDNA fragments map up to 700 kb proximal to the translocation breakpoint and are associated with potential CpG islands. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) expression analysis and high resolution genomic mapping suggest that they may comprise up to three novel genes. No major disruption of the identified fragments could be detected in the genomic DNA of translocation carriers. The psychosis associated with this translocation may therefore be due to position effects on the transcription of these genes or an involvement of translocated chromosome 1 sequences.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The American Journal of Medical Genetics - Part A (AJMG)|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast/genetics Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 *Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 DNA Primers DNA, Complementary/genetics Genetic Markers/genetics Humans Molecular Sequence Data Mutation Polymerase Chain Reaction Schizophrenia/*genetics *Translocation, Genetic Tubulin/genetics