Numerical algorithms for solving shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic equations

Alistair Borthwick, Chunchen Xia, Zhixian Cao, Gareth Pender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to present a new numerical algorithm for solving the coupled shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic equations governing fluvial processes, and also to clarify the performance of the conventional algorithm, which redistributes the variable water-sediment mixture density to the source terms of the governing equations and accordingly the hyperbolic operator is rendered similar to that of the conventional shallow water equations for clear water flows.
Design/methodology/approach - The coupled shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic equations governing fluvial processes are arranged in full conservation form, and solved by a well-balanced weighted surface depth gradient method along with a slope-limited centred scheme. The present algorithm is verified for a spectrum of test cases, which involve complex flows with shock waves and sediment transport processes with contact discontinuities over irregular topographies. The conventional algorithm is evaluated as compared to the present algorithm and available experimental data.
Findings - The new algorithm performs satisfactorily over the spectrum of test cases, and the conventional algorithm is confirmed to work similarly well.
Originality/value – A new numerical algorithm, without redistributing the water-sediment mixture density, is proposed for solving the coupled shallow water hydro-sediment-morphodynamic equations. It is clarified that the conventional algorithm, involving redistribution of the water-sediment mixture density, performs similarly well. Both algorithms appear equally applicable to problems encountered in computational river modelling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2836-2861
JournalEngineering Computations
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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