Numerical investigation and assessment of flamelet-based models for the prediction of pulverized solid fuel homogeneous ignition and combustion

Pooria Farmand*, Hendrik Nicolai, Christoph Schumann, Antonio Attili, Lukas Berger, Tao Li, Christopher Geschwindner, Francesca di Mare, Christian Hasse, Benjamin Böhm, Johannes Janicka, Heinz Pitsch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The homogeneous ignition and volatile combustion of pulverized solid fuel in single-particle and particle group configurations were studied numerically in a laminar flat flame burner. Simulations with increasing particle streams were performed to investigate the influence of the interactions in particle groups on homogeneous ignition and combustion. An extensive set of simulations are conducted considering models with different levels of detail for both the gas-phase and solid fuel chemistry. The reference simulations employ the chemical percolation devolatilization model coupled with a detailed chemistry model for gas-phase reactions. The particle-fluid interactions were modeled with a fully coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian framework. Increased ignition delay times for higher particle streams were successfully validated against available experimental measurements. Furthermore, the transition from single-particle ignition to a conically shaped volatile flame with suppressed reactions near the flame base in particle group combustion was observed in both experiments and simulations. The subsequent detailed investigations revealed that the increased heat transfer to particles and, therefore, lower gas temperature for higher particle number densities together with the local oxygen depletion are the primary reasons for this transition. Based on the reference simulation, different simplified model combinations were assessed. The systematic model reduction investigation started with assessing the fixed volatile composition as a required assumption for flamelet models. Finally, the effects of gas-phase chemistry and different simple devolatilization models on ignition and combustion chemistry were studied. Overall, all model combinations provide reasonable predictions of volatile combustion with minor local deficits in the studied conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111693
JournalCombustion and Flame
Early online date30 Aug 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Aug 2021


  • FGM tabulated chemistry
  • detailed kinetics
  • devolatilization modeling
  • homogeneous ignition
  • particle group combustion
  • Pulverized solid fuel combustion


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