Nursing students’ attitudes towards information communication technology: An exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic approach

J. J. Lee, Charlotte Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Aim: The aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a shortened version of the Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health, in the investigation of nursing students with clinical placement experiences.

Background: Nurses and nursing students need to develop high levels of competency in information and communication technology. However, they encounter significant barriers in the use of the technology. Although some instruments have been developed to measure factors that influence nurses’ attitudes towards technology, the validity is questionable and few studies have been developed to test the attitudes of nursing students, in particular.

Design: A cross-sessional survey design was performed.

Methods: The Information Technology Attitude Scales for Health was used to collect data from October 2012 to December 2012. A panel of experts reviewed the content of the instrument and a pilot study was conducted. Following this, a total of 508 nursing students, who were engaged in clinical placements, were recruited from six universities in South Korea. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed and reliability and construct validity were assessed.

Results: The resulting instrument consisted of 19 items across four factors. Reliability of the four factors was acceptable and the validity was supported.

Conclusions: The instrument was shown to be both valid and reliable for measuring nursing students’ attitudes towards technology, thus aiding in the current understandings of this aspect. Through these measurements and understandings, nursing educators and students are able to be more reflexive of their attitudes and can thus seek to develop them positively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181–1193
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Issue number5
Early online date13 Jan 2015
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • attitudes toward technology
  • confirmatory factor analysis
  • exploratory factor analysis
  • computer competency
  • instrument development
  • nursing informatics
  • nursing research


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