Observation Process Adaptation for Linear Dynamic Models

J. Frankel, S. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

This work introduces two methods for adapting the observation process parameters of linear dynamic models (LDM) or other linear-Gaussian models. The first method uses the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm to estimate transforms for location and covariance parameters, and the second uses a generalized EM (GEM) approach which reduces computation in making updates from $O(p^6)$ to $O(p^3)$, where $p$ is the feature dimension. We present the results of speaker adaptation on TIMIT phone classification and recognition experiments with relative error reductions of up to $6. Importantly, we find minimal differences in the results from EM and GEM. We therefore propose that the GEM approach be applied to adaptation of hidden Markov models which use non-diagonal covariances. We provide the necessary update equations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1199
Number of pages8
JournalSpeech Communication
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2006


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