Obstructive inflammatory laryngeal disease in three cats

Severine Tasker, D. Foster, Brendan Corcoran, Trevor Whitbread, B M Kirby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Three cats with upper respiratory tract obstruction due to laryngeal inflammation are presented. Cervical radiography showed the presence of a soft tissue mass in the laryngeal region in all cases, and laryngoscopy allowed direct visualization of a mass associated with the larynx. Laryngeal samples were obtained by a combination of fine needle aspiration, cutting biopsy forceps, by ventral laryngotomy, and at post-mortem. Histopathology of the laryngeal samples showed the presence of a predominantly granulomatous inflammation, with macrophage and lymphocyte infiltration. One case was euthanased due to severe dyspnoea. The remaining two cases underwent combined medical (corticosteroid and antibiotic) and surgical (permanent tracheostomy or excision of laryngeal tissue by ventral laryngotomy) treatment. One case died of an undetermined cause 15 weeks after surgery while the other case remains clinically well 20 months after diagnosis. Recognition of the existence of granulomatous laryngitis is important as clinical signs and radiographic findings are indistinguishable from laryngeal neoplasia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-9
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases
  • Cats
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Dyspnea
  • Female
  • Laryngitis
  • Laryngoscopy
  • Male
  • Records as Topic
  • Retrospective Studies

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