Ocular biometry in rabbits using computed tomography

Nicholas Goody, Nicolas Israeliantz, Azzurra Massidda, Jenna Richardson, Benjamin Blacklock, Jordan Mitchell, Tiziana Liuti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

OBJECTIVE: To describe a repeatable method of measuring ocular structures and to establish ocular biometry reference ranges in adult domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) without medical history or imaging findings consistent with ophthalmic disease using a 64-slice multidetector computed tomography scanner.

PROCEDURE: In this retrospective and observational anatomic study, 100 eyes from 50 rabbits without medical history or imaging findings consistent with ophthalmic disease who received a head computed tomography scan were selected for measurement of globe length, width, and height using 3D multiplanar reconstruction. Lens width and length, the anteroposterior length of the anterior and vitreous chambers, and attenuation of the lens and vitreous chamber were collected. These parameters were compared against age, sex, weight, body condition, and ear conformation.

RESULTS: A reference guide was established, with globe width being the largest dimension (18.03 ± 0.81 mm), followed by height (17.18 ± 0.69 mm) and then length (16.64 ± 0.66 mm). Increased weight was associated with an increase in globe height (p = 2.43 × 10-5 ), length (p = 1.63 × 10-4 ), and width (p = 7.0 × 10-3 ). Increased age was associated with increased lens attenuation (p = 1.28 × 10-7 ) and increased transverse lens width (p = 1.64 × 10-3 ). Inter- and intra-observer agreement was excellent.

CONCLUSIONS: CT is a reliable modality for measurement of ocular biometry dimensions in rabbits. These reference values can be applied to aid in identifying diseases that affect the dimensions of the ocular structures in rabbits over 18 months of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary Ophthalmology
Early online date11 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Mar 2024

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • attenuation
  • dimensions exotic
  • lens
  • reference range
  • vitreous chamber


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