On Associations in the Unified Modelling Language

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Associations between classifiers are among the most fundamental of UML concepts. However, there is considerable room for disagreement concerning what an association is, semantically. These have implications for the modeller because they can result in serious misunderstandings of static structure diagrams; similarly, they have implications for tool developers. In this paper we describe and classify the variants which have implicitly or explicitly been described. We discuss the scope for, and difficulties in, understanding these as specialisations of a more general notion and we address the implications for future versions of UML.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication«UML» 2001 - The Unified Modeling Language. Modeling Languages, Concepts, and Tools
Subtitle of host publication4th International Conference Toronto, Canada, October 1–5, 2001 Proceedings
EditorsMartin Gogolla, Cris Kobryn
PublisherSpringer-Verlag GmbH
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-3-540-42667-7
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Berlin / Heidelberg
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


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