## Abstract

This paper considers two covering location problems on a network where the demand is distributed along the edges. The first is the classical maximal covering location problem. The second problem is the obnoxious version where the coverage should be minimized subject to some distance constraints between the facilities. It is first shown that the finite dominating set for covering problems with nodal demand does not carry over to the case of edge based demands. Then, a solution approach for the single facility problem is presented. Afterwards, the multi-facility problem is discussed and several discretization results for tree networks are presented for the case that the demand is constant on each edge; unfortunately, these results do not carry over to general networks as a counter example shows. To tackle practical problems, the conditional version of the problem is considered and a greedy heuristic is introduced. Afterwards, numerical tests are presented to underline the practicality of the algorithms proposed and to understand the conditions under which accurate modeling of edge-based demand and a continuous edge-based location space are particularly important.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 214-227 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Computers and Operations Research |

Volume | 74 |

Early online date | 18 Apr 2015 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Oct 2016 |

## Keywords

- Continuous demand
- Covering problems
- Finite dominating sets
- Heuristics
- Networks
- Obnoxious