On the Implementation of Carrierless Amplitude and Phase Modulation in Visible Light Communication

Kabiru O. Akande, Paul Anthony Haigh, Wasiu O. Popoola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carrierless amplitude and phase modulation (CAP) is one of the spectrally efficient schemes that has been proposed to tackle the limited modulation bandwidth challenge in visible light communication (VLC). The VLC technology leverages existing lighting fixtures to provide wireless data communication, which makes it attractive for many applications. However, the commercially available white LEDs that are predominantly employed in VLC offer low modulation bandwidths that limit the achievable data rate. Thus, CAP modulation is employed to improve achievable data rate, primarily due to its implementation simplicity and high spectral efficiency. The CAP scheme also has a special feature in that it can be implemented as a single band or a multiband scheme which provides design flexibility. This paper presents an in-depth study of the implementation of CAP in LED-based VLC systems, highlighting the unique features that make it specially suited for VLC applications. Furthermore, a comprehensive investigation is carried out regarding the design parameters of the CAP modulation transceiver, its benefits and techniques to mitigate the challenges of CAP-based VLC systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date15 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Bandwidth
  • fractionally-spaced equalization (FSE)
  • light emitting diode (LED)
  • Light emitting diodes
  • Multiband Carrierless amplitude and phase modulation (m-CAP)
  • Optical modulation
  • optical wireless communication
  • Peak to average power ratio
  • peak-to-average power (PAPR)
  • Phase modulation
  • spatial modulation
  • subband index modulation
  • synchronization
  • Visible light communication
  • visible light communication (VLC)

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