One Health in Indigenous Communities: a critical review of the evidence

Tamara Riley, Neil Anderson, Raymond Lovett, Anna Meredith, Bonny Cumming , Joanne Thandrayen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Indigenous populations around the world face disproportionately high rates of disease related to the environment and animals. One Health is a concept that has been used effectively to understand and address these health risks. One Health refers to the relationships and interdependencies between animal, human, and environmental health and is an emerging research field that aligns with indigenous views of health. To understand the applicability of One Health in indigenous communities, a critical review was undertaken to investigate evidence of One Health research in indigenous communities internationally, assess the strength of evidence, and understand what gaps are present. This review included the appraisal of twenty-four studies based in five regions: Canada, Africa, Australia, South America, and Central America. The review found that there is a need for studies of high strength, with rigorous methods, local leadership, and active involvement of indigenous viewpoints, to be undertaken in indigenous communities internationally that focus on One Health. It highlights the need to further consider indigenous viewpoints in research to reduce limitations, increase effectiveness of findings, consider appropriateness of recommendations, and benefit communities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Early online date28 Oct 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Oct 2021


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