One step forward, two steps back: The steering effects of operational code beliefs in the Chilean-Bolivian rivalry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The aim of this chapter is to contribute to the understanding of the role of political leaders’ beliefs in shaping periods of cooperation and conflict in the Chilean-Bolivian rivalry. Specifically, the analysis employs the operational code framework to contrast the beliefs of Bolivian president Evo Morales regarding bilateral relations with Chile between his first and second presidential terms. In doing so, this research sheds light on the shift observed in Bolivia's foreign policy toward Chile from a relationship of relative trust during Morales's first term to a more confrontational approach in his second administration. Drawing on the foreign policy analysis literature, the results show that the change in Evo Morales's foreign policy behavior is associated with a process of learning in the form of a change in his beliefs regarding Bolivia's bilateral relations with Chile.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOperational Code Analysis and Foreign Policy Roles
Subtitle of host publicationCrossing Simon’s Bridge
EditorsMark Schafer, Stephen G. Walker
PublisherRoutledge
Chapter7
Pages129-148
Number of pages20
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)9781003131021
ISBN (Print)9780367650902, 9780367673635
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2021

Publication series

NameRoutledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics
PublisherRoutledge

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