Open space and Sense of Community of older adults: A study in a residential area in Hong Kong

Andrew Yu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study examines the relationship between quality and quantity of open space in residential areas and the sense of community of Chinese older adults in Hong Kong.

Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted with 257 adults aged 55 and over in Kwun Tong, Hong Kong. The quality of open space was assessed from four dimensions: social and recreational facilities, entrance, location and environment. Geographic information system (GIS) was used to evaluate the quantity of open space in terms of size and amount.

Findings: The result shows that the environment has a strong influence on the sense of community, while the quantity of open space does not. The results provide urban planners with evidence for open space planning in the future. Urban planners should consider building more people-oriented environment; such as green areas instead of merely increasing the size, amount and facilities of open space. The Hong Kong Government also needs to review the current standardised planning guideline in order to maximise the social connection of older adults.

Originality/value: This cross-sectional study tried to understand the relationship between the quality and quantity of open spaces and sense of community in Chinese older adults in Hong Kong. It is one of the few studies to simultaneously examine both the quality and quantity of open spaces when studying its relationship with sense of community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-554
Number of pages16
JournalArchnet-IJAR
Volume15
Issue number3
Early online date5 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • community
  • open space
  • planning

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