Optimal low-carbon economic environmental dispatch of hybrid electricity-natural gas energy systems considering P2G

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Abstract

Power to gas facilities (P2G) could absorb excess renewable energy that would otherwise be curtailed due to electricity network constraints by converting it to methane (synthetic natural gas). The produced synthetic natural gas can power gas turbines and realize bidirectional energy flow between power and natural-gas systems. P2G, therefore, has significant potential for unlocking inherent flexibility in the integrated system, but also poses new challenges of increased system complexity. A coordinated operation strategy that manages power and natural-gas network constraints together is essential to address such challenges. In this paper, a novel low-carbon economic environmental dispatch strategy is presented considering all the constraints in both systems. The multi-objective black-hole particle swarm optimization algorithm (MOBHPSO) is
adopted. In addition to P2G, a gas demand management strategy is proposed to support gas flow balance. A new solving approach that combines the effective redundancy method, trust region method, and Levenberg-Marquardt method is proposed to address the complex coupled constraints. Case studies that use an integrated IEEE 39-bus power and Belgian high-calorific 20-node gas system demonstrate the effectiveness and scalability of the proposed model and optimization method. The analysis of dispatch results illustrates the benefit of P2G for the wind power accommodation,
and low-carbon, economic, and environmental improvement of integrated system operation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1355
Number of pages17
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number7
Early online date9 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2019

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