Abstract / Description of output
In this paper we consider filtering and smoothing of partially observed chaotic dynamical systems that are discretely observed, with an additive Gaussian noise in the observation. These models are found in a wide variety of real applications and include the Lorenz 96’ model. In the context of a fixed observation interval T, observation time step h and Gaussian observation variance \sigma _Z^2, we show under assumptions that the filter and smoother are well approximated by a Gaussian with high probability when h and \sigma ^2_Z h are sufficiently small. Based on this result we show that the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimators are asymptotically optimal in mean square error as \sigma ^2_Z h tends to 0. Given these results, we provide a batch algorithm for the smoother and filter, based on Newton’s method, to obtain the MAP. In particular, we show that if the initial point is close enough to the MAP, then Newton’s method converges to it at a fast rate. We also provide a method for computing such an initial point. These results contribute to the theoretical understanding of widely used 4DVar data assimilation method. Our approach is illustrated numerically on the Lorenz 96’ model with state vector up to 1 million dimensions, with code running in the order of minutes. To our knowledge the results in this paper are the first of their type for this class of models.
Original language  English 

Pages (fromto)  485–559 
Number of pages  75 
Journal  Foundations of Computational Mathematics 
Volume  19 
Issue number  3 
Early online date  25 Apr 2018 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  1 Jun 2019 
Externally published  Yes 
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Daniel Paulin
 School of Mathematics  Lecturer in Statistics and Data Science
Person: Academic: Research Active (Teaching)