Optimization of the fabrication of amidoxime modified PIM-1 electrospun fibres for use as breathable and reactive materials

Elsa Lasseuguette, Richard Malpass-Evans, Sara Caslini, Neil B McKeown, Maria-Chiara Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study reports the preparation of waterproof/breathable films based on amidoxime functionalized PIM-1, which were processed into fibrous membrane using the electrospinning process with a green solvent, i.e. dimethyl sulfoxide. The influence of the feed solution (polymer concentration, solvent nature, presence of salt) and the electrospinning process conditions (flow rate, distance between the tip and the collector and voltage) has been investigated in order to obtain bead-free, thin fibres with regular structure and low porosity. The addition of salt allowed the production of nanofibres at low polymer concentration, resulting in the fabrication of fibrous mats with 1.5 micron diameter fibres and porosity below 10 micron. These fibre mats possess a hydrophobic character with a contact angle superior to 90°. Moreover, they are breathable, but not permeable to liquid water, which is essential for use within protective gear (i.e. gas masks or protective clothing).
Original languageEnglish
Article number123205
Number of pages32
JournalPolymer
Volume213
Early online date6 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • AO-PIM-1
  • Green solvent

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