Optimizing hemodynamic care in neonatal encephalopathy

Raymand Pang, Alison Mintoft, Rose Crowley, Mark Sellwood, Subhabrata Mitra, Nicola J Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hemodynamic impairment occurs in up to 80% of infants with neonatal encephalopathy (NE). Not all infants benefit from therapeutic hypothermia (HT); there are some indications that the trajectory of brain injury might be modified by neurologic monitoring and early management over the first 72-h period. It is also possible that optimizing hemodynamic management may further improve outomes. The coupling between cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolism is disrupted in NE, increasing the vulnerability of the newborn brain to secondary injury. Hemodynamic monitoring is usually limited to blood pressure and functional echocardiographic measurements, which may not accurately reflect brain perfusion. This review explores the evidence base for hemodynamic assessment and management of infants with NE while undergoing HT. We discuss the literature behind a systematic approach to a baby with NE with the aim to define best therapies to optimize brain perfusion and reduce secondary injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101139
JournalSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

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