Outcomes of people with psychotic disorders in a community-based rehabilitation programme in rural India

Sudipto Chatterjee, Aravind Pillai, Sumeet Jain, Alex Cohen, Vikram Patel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background

There is little evidence of the feasibility, acceptability and impact of services for the care of people with psychotic disorders in low- and middle-income countries.

Aims

To describe the scaling up and impact of a community-based rehabilitation programme for people with psychotic disorders in a very-low-resource setting.

Methods

Longitudinal study of people with psychotic disorders who had been ill for an average of 8 years in a rural Indian community. All individuals received a community-based intervention package comprising psychotropic medications, psychoeducation, adherence management, psychosocial rehabilitation and support for livelihoods. The primary outcome was change in disability scores.

Results

The cohort consisted of 256 people with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder and other psychosis) of whom 236 people completed the end-point assessments (92%), with a median follow-up of 46 months. There were significant reductions (P

Conclusions

Community-based rehabilitation is a feasible and acceptable intervention with a beneficial impact on disability for the majority of people with psychotic disorders in low-resource settings. The impact on disability is influenced by a combination of clinical, programme and social determinants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-439
Number of pages7
JournalThe British Journal of Psychiatry
Volume195
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • SERVICES

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