Outcomes of the rectal remnant following colectomy for ulcerative colitis

R. R. W. Brady, M. H. S. Collie, G. T. Ho, D. C. C. Bartolo, R. G. Wilson, M. G. Dunlop

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Controversy surrounds the optimal surgical management of the distal rectal remnant during colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC) and the potential benefit from the placement of a rectal catheter for remnant drainage. This study reviews the clinical outcomes of patients who have undergone colectomy for UC with intra-peritoneal closure of the rectal remnant.

Analysis of prospective data lodged on Lothian Surgical Audit databases from patients treated in a tertiary coloproctology unit over 11 years.

One hundred and fifty-nine patients were identified, the mean age was 41.9 years, 63% were men. Failure of maximal medical therapy necessitated surgery for 78.1% patients, while 12.6% had acute perforation and 11.9% had toxic megacolon. Complications included five (3.1%) stump dehiscences, eight (5.0%) intra-abdominal/pelvic collections, four (2.5%) significant wound infections, three (1.9%) small bowel obstructions and three (1.9%) deaths. Within the follow-up period, 62.3% patients had an ileo-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA), 7.5% patients had a completion proctectomy, 10.1% patients within the series had a retained rectal remnant after 1 year follow up, the remaining patients had less than 1 year follow up.

The intra-peritoneal rectal stump following colectomy for UC is associated with low rates of pelvic sepsis and a high proportion of patients successfully proceeding to IPAA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalColorectal Disease
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

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