Overall self-confidence, self-confidence in mathematics, and sex-role stereotyping in relation to salivary free testosterone in university women.

W Johnson, D Zava, N McCoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated in 40 young university women the possible relationships between levels of testosterone and specific measures of overall self-confidence and self-confidence in approaching mathematics. Correlations of -.43 and -.49 with each measure of self-confidence, respectively, and level of testosterone were found in the portion of the sample displaying normal ovulatory function. There was no correlation (r=.02) between the measures of mathematics and overall self-confidence. 19 women did not display normal ovulatory function. The only significant result for the full sample was a significant correlation of -.73 between scores on the Bem Sex Role Inventory Masculinity and overall self-confidence. The reasons for the high anovulatory percentage are not dear, nor are the associations which anovulation might have with either hormonal levels or the personality characteristics in question.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-401
Number of pages11
JournalPerceptual and motor skills
Volume91
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2000

Keywords

  • GENDER DIFFERENCES
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL ANDROGYNY
  • PROGESTERONE
  • METAANALYSIS
  • ANXIETY

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