Overexpression of CEACAM6 promotes insulin-like growth factor I-induced pancreatic adenocarcinoma cellular invasiveness

Mark S Duxbury, Hiromichi Ito, Eric Benoit, Michael J Zinner, Stanley W Ashley, Edward E Whang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (CEACAM6) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked immunoglobulin superfamily member that is overexpressed in a variety of human cancers. We have recently reported that suppression of CEACAM6 expression impairs pancreatic adenocarcinoma progression in vivo. In order to characterize the mechanisms through which CEACAM6 influences the malignant phenotype, CEACAM6-overexpressing Capan2 pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells were established by stable transfection. We determined the effect of CEACAM6 overexpression on cellular invasiveness towards insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a peptide of critical importance in pancreatic cancer malignant cellular behavior and tumor progression. IGF-I-induced cellular invasiveness and IGF-IR expression were significantly increased in clones overexpressing CEACAM6. Using inhibitory anti-IGF-IR antibody, a requirement for IGF-IR signaling in the enhanced invasiveness towards IGF-I induced by CEACAM6 overexpression was confirmed. CEACAM6-overexpressing clones exhibited increased Akt and c-Src kinase activities, as well as higher levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) expression and activity in the presence of IGF-I. While Akt kinase is both necessary and sufficient to induce IGF-IR upregulation, c-Src kinase activity is necessary, but alone is insufficient to upregulate IGF-IR expression. CEACAM6 is an important determinant of pancreatic adenocarcinoma malignant cellular behavior and, together with its downstream targets, warrants further investigation as a therapeutic target in this disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5834-42
Number of pages9
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 2004


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