Oxy-fuel combustion kinetics and morphology of coal chars obtained in N2 and CO2 atmospheres in an entrained flow reactor

M. V. Gil, J. Riaza, L. Álvarez, C. Pevida, J. J. Pis, F. Rubiera*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The thermal reactivity and kinetics of four coal chars (HVN, UM, SAB and BA) in an oxy-fuel combustion atmosphere (30%O2-70%CO2) were studied using a thermobalance. The coal chars were obtained by devolatilization in an entrained flow reactor (EFR) at 1000°C for 2.5s under 100% N2 and CO2 atmospheres. The reactivity tests were carried out by isothermal thermogravimetric analysis at different temperatures in a kinetically controlled regime. Three nth-order representative gas-solid models - the volumetric model (VM), the grain model (GM) and the random pore model (RPM) - were employed in order to describe the reactive behaviour of the chars during oxy-fuel combustion. From these models, the kinetic parameters were determined. The RPM model was found to be the best for describing the reactivity of the HVN, UM and BA chars, while VM was the model that best described the reactivity of the SAB char. The reactivities of the chars obtained in N2 and CO2 in an oxy-fuel combustion atmosphere with 30% of oxygen were compared using the kinetic parameters, but no differences were observed between the two devolatilization atmospheres. The apparent volatile yield after the coal devolatilization under CO2 in the EFR was greater than under N2 for all the coals studied. According to the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images of the chars, those obtained in the CO2 atmosphere experienced a greater degree of swelling, some particles showing partially reacted surfaces indicative of reaction between the char and CO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Energy
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Char
  • Coal
  • Entrained flow reactor
  • Isothermal TG
  • Kinetics models
  • Oxy-fuel combustion

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