PANGEA-HIV 2: Phylogenetics and networks for generalised epidemics in Africa

Lucie Abeler-Dörner, Mary K. Grabowski*, Andrew Rambaut, Deenan Pillay, Christophe Fraser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Purpose of review

The HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa is far from being under control and the ambitious UNAIDS targets are unlikely to be met by 2020 as declines in per-capita incidence being largely offset by demographic trends. There is an increasing number of proven and specific HIV prevention tools, but little consensus on how best to deploy them.

Recent findings

Traditionally, phylogenetics has been used in HIV research to reconstruct the history of the epidemic and date zoonotic infections, whereas more recent publications focus on HIV diversity and drug resistance. However, it is also the most powerful method of source attribution available for the study of HIV transmission. The PANGEA (Phylogenetics And Networks for Generalized Epidemics in Africa) consortium has generated over 18 000 NGS HIV sequences from five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Using phylogenetic methods, we will identify characteristics of individuals or groups, which are most likely to be at risk of infection or at risk of infecting others.


Combining phylogenetics, phylodynamics and epidemiology will allow PANGEA to highlight where prevention efforts should be focussed to reduce the HIV epidemic most effectively. To maximise the public health benefit of the data, PANGEA offers accreditation to external researchers, allowing them to access the data and join the consortium. We also welcome submissions of other HIV sequences from sub-Saharan Africa to the database.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • HIV
  • phylogenetics
  • phylogenetics and networks for Generalized epidemics in Africa
  • sub-Saharan Africa
  • transmission dynamics


Dive into the research topics of 'PANGEA-HIV 2: Phylogenetics and networks for generalised epidemics in Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this