Para-adventure: A hyper-dynamic problem for the inclusive coach

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Recent research has recognized sports coaching as complex, chaotic, and cognitively taxing for coaches. Against this backdrop, the present paper explores challenges faced by high-level coaches working with disabled performers. Specifically, it seeks to understand how coaches create mental models of performance in adventure sports and para-canoe. Five coaches were purposively sampled and underwent a semi-structured interview. A thematic analysis revealed conceptualizing the mental model as being mechanically-related for all and as including a social construction within the para-canoe coaches. Reflection on the coaching process and on personal characteristics were perceived as important to individualized inclusive coaching. Coach training should particularly emphasize the need for critical judgment and decision making skills within a similarly oriented social structure of coaches and support staff where applicable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1182
Number of pages18
JournalSport in Society
Issue number7
Early online date13 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • adaptive coaching
  • adventure sports
  • disability
  • inclusivity
  • paralympic sport
  • para-canoe


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