Parallel faceted imaging in radio interferometry via proximal splitting (Faceted HyperSARA): II. Code and real data proof of concept

Pierre-Antoine Thouvenin, Arwa Dabbech, Ming Jiang, Abdullah Abdulaziz, Jean-Philippe Thiran, William Adrian Jackson, Yves Wiaux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In a companion paper, a faceted wideband imaging technique for radio interferometry, dubbed Faceted HyperSARA, has been introduced and validated on synthetic data. Building on the recent HyperSARA approach, Faceted HyperSARA leverages the splitting functionality inherent to the underlying primal-dual forward-backward algorithm to decompose the image reconstruction over multiple spatio-spectral facets. The approach allows complex regularization to be injected into the imaging process while providing additional parallelization flexibility compared to HyperSARA. The present paper introduces new algorithm functionalities to address real datasets, implemented as part of a fully fledged MATLAB imaging library made available on A large scale proof-of-concept is proposed to validate Faceted HyperSARA in a new data and parameter scale regime, compared to the state-of-the-art. The reconstruction of a 15 GB wideband image of Cyg A from 7.4 GB of VLA data is considered, utilizing 1440 CPU cores on a HPC system for about 9 hours. The conducted experiments illustrate the reconstruction performance of the proposed approach on real data, exploiting new functionalities to set, both an accurate model of the measurement operator accounting for known direction-dependent effects (DDEs), and an effective noise level accounting for imperfect calibration. They also demonstrate that, when combined with a further dimensionality reduction functionality, Faceted HyperSARA enables the recovery of a 3.6 GB image of Cyg A from the same data using only 91 CPU cores for 39 hours. In this setting, the proposed approach is shown to provide a superior reconstruction quality compared to the state-of-the-art wideband CLEAN-based algorithm of the WSClean software.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • image processing
  • interferometric


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