Paratuberculosis infection of nonruminant wildlife in Scotland

P M Beard, M J Daniels, D Henderson, A Pirie, K Rudge, D Buxton, S Rhind, A Greig, M R Hutchings, I McKendrick, K Stevenson, J M Sharp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recent reports of natural paratuberculosis (or Johne's disease) in rabbits, foxes, and stoats has focused debate on the presence and importance of wildlife reservoirs in the epidemiology of this disease. This paper describes an extensive study investigating 18 nonruminant wildlife species for evidence of paratuberculosis. Using both culture and histopathological analysis, fox, stoat, weasel, crow, rook, jackdaw, rat, wood mouse, hare, and badger were found to harbor Mycobacterium avium subsp, paratuberculosis, the causative organism of paratuberculosis, suggesting that the epidemiology of this disease is more complex than previously realized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1521
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2001


  • Animals
  • Animals,wild
  • Feces/microbiology
  • Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis/isolation & purification
  • Paratuberculosis/epidemiology
  • Paratuberculosis/microbiology
  • Paratuberculosis/pathology
  • Ruminants
  • Scotland/epidemiology


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