Parent-offspring conflict and co-adaptation: behavioural ecology meets quantitative genetics

Per T. Smiseth, Jonathan Wright, Mathias Koelliker

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

The evolution of the complex and dynamic behavioural interactions between caring parents and their dependent offspring is a major area of research in behavioural ecology and quantitative genetics. While behavioural ecologists examine the evolution of interactions between parents and offspring in the light of parent-offspring conflict and its resolution, quantitative geneticists explore the evolution of such interactions in the light of parent-offspring co-adaptation due to combined effects of parental and offspring behaviours on fitness. To date, there is little interaction or integration between these two fields. Here, we first review the merits and limitations of each of these two approaches and show that they provide important complementary insights into the evolution of strategies for offspring begging and parental resource provisioning. We then outline how central ideas from behavioural ecology and quantitative genetics can be combined within a framework based on the concept of behavioural reaction norms, which provides a common basis for behavioural ecologists and quantitative geneticists to study the evolution of parent-offspring interactions. Finally, we discuss how the behavioural reaction norm approach can be used to advance our understanding of parent-offspring conflict by combining information about the genetic basis of traits from quantitative genetics with key insights regarding the adaptive function and dynamic nature of parental and offspring behaviours from behavioural ecology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1823-1830
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Volume275
Issue number1645
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2008

Keywords

  • offspring begging
  • parent-offspring co-adaptation
  • parent-offspring conflict
  • parental care
  • reaction norms
  • maternal effects
  • BEGGING INTENSITY
  • NESTLING BIRDS
  • REACTION NORMS
  • PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY
  • FAMILY CONFLICT
  • EVOLUTION
  • NEED
  • SOLICITATION
  • CHARACTERS
  • SELECTION

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