PARP Inhibition Delays Progression of Mitochondrial Encephalopathy in Mice

Roberta Felici*, Leonardo Cavone, Andrea Lapucci, Daniele Guasti, Daniele Bani, Alberto Chiarugi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mitochondrial disorders are deadly childhood diseases for which therapeutic remedies are an unmet need. Given that genetic suppression of the nuclear enzyme poly (adenine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase(PARP)-1 improves mitochondrial functioning, we investigated whether pharmacological inhibition of the enzyme affords protection in a mouse model of a mitochondrial disorder. We used mice lacking the Ndufs4 subunit of the respiratory complex I (Ndufs4 knockout [ KO] mice); these mice undergo progressive encephalopathy and die around postnatal day 50. Mice were treated daily with the potent PARP inhibitor N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydrophenanthridin-2-yl)-(N,N-dimethylamino)acetamide hydrochloride (PJ34); neurological parameters, PARP activity, and mitochondrial homeostasis were evaluated. We found that mice receiving N-(6-oxo-5,6-dihydrophenanthridin-2-yl)-(N,N-dimethylamino)acetamide hydrochloride from postnatal day 30 to postnatal day 50 show reduced neurological impairment, and increased exploratory activity and motor skills compared with vehicle-treated animals. However, drug treatment did not delay or reduce death. We found no evidence of increased PARP activity within the brain of KO mice compared with heterozygous, healthy controls. Conversely, a 10-day treatment with the PARP inhibitor significantly reduced basal poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation in different organs of the KO mice, including brain, skeletal muscle, liver, pancreas, and spleen. In keeping with the epigenetic role of PARP-1, its inhibition correlated with increased expression of mitochondrial respiratory complex subunits and organelle number. Remarkably, pharmacological targeting of PARP reduced astrogliosis in olfactory bulb and motor cortex, but did not affect neuronal loss of KO mice. In light of the advanced clinical development of PARP inhibitors, these data emphasize their relevance to treatment of mitochondrial respiratory defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-664
Number of pages14
JournalNeurotherapeutics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

Keywords

  • Mitochondrial diseases
  • complex I deficiency
  • Ndufs4 knockout
  • poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase
  • PARP inhibitor
  • mitochondrial biogenesis
  • COMPLEX-I DEFICIENCY
  • LEIGH-SYNDROME
  • POLY(ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASE-1
  • OXIDATIVE-METABOLISM
  • ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
  • MOUSE MODEL
  • DNA-REPAIR
  • TRANSCRIPTION
  • NAD(+)
  • SIRT1

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