Projects per year
Abstract / Description of output
Methods: A total of 1189 mother-infant dyads from the Evidence for Better Lives Study cohort were recruited. Latent class analysis using the Bolck, Croon, and Hagenaars (BCH) 3-step method with auxiliary multilevel logistic regressions was performed.
Results: Three high-risk classes and one low-risk class emerged: (1) highly maltreated (7%, n = 89), (2) emotionally and physically abused with intra-familial violence exposure (13%, n = 152), (3), emotionally abused (40%, n = 474), and (4) low household dysfunction and abuse (40%, n = 474). Pairwise comparisons between classes indicate higher probabilities of prenatal drug use in the highly maltreated and emotionally abused classes compared with the low household dysfunction and abuse class. Additionally, the emotionally and physically abused with intra-familial violence exposure class had higher probability of low birthweight than the three remaining classes.
Conclusion: Our results highlight the multifaceted nature of ACEs and underline the potential importance of exposure to childhood adversities on behaviors and outcomes in the perinatal period. This can inform the design of antenatal support to better address these challenges.
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- adverse childhood experiences
- latent class analysis
- maternal health
- neonatal health
- prenatal substance use
- intergenerational transmission of adversity
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Patterns of adverse childhood experiences and associations with prenatal substance use and poor infant outcomes in a multi-country cohort of mothers: A latent class analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 2 Active
Interrupting the intergenerational transmission of violence: a mixed-methods longitudinal study in South Africa
Meinck, F. & Franchino-Olsen, H.
1/07/20 → 30/06/25
1/07/20 → 12/02/24