Large-scale lymphocyte recirculation occurs only at the level of secondary lymphoid tissue. Cells enter lymph nodes via afferent lymph from the tissue and via arterioles from the blood. They exit only via the efferent duct. Afferent and efferent lymphocytes have distinct phenotypes; afferent lymphocytes have a 'memory' phenotype, being CD62L(-)/CD45RA(-) and expressing high levels of CD2 and CD11a; efferent cells are largely 'naïve', being CD62L(+)/CD45RA(+) with low levels of CD2 and CD11a. We will show that functionally the efferent lymphocytes, like cells from the blood and spleen, can be activated in vitro only by dendritic cells. However, afferent lymphocytes are less stringent in their activation requirements and can be stimulated by both macrophages and dendritic cells. To explain these functional differences we have developed a multiprobe RNAase protection assay for 13 sheep cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-18, GMCSF, IFNgamma, TGFbeta and TNFalpha) and two housekeeping genes (ATPase and GADPH). We have used this assay to measure the constitutive expression of cytokine mRNA in MACS-purified CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes from both lymphoid compartments.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2002|
- Dendritic Cells/physiology
- Immunologic Memory
- RNA, Messenger/analysis