Patterns of methyl and O-acetyl esterification in spinach pectins: new complexity

P Perrone, C M Hewage, A R Thomson, K Bailey, I H Sadler, S C Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Driselase-digestion of cell walls from suspension-cultures of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), followed by anion-exchange chromatography, gel-permeation chromatography, preparative paper chromatography and preparative paper electrophoresis, yielded ten uronic acid-containing products in addition to free galacturonic acid (GaIA). These included 4-O-methylglucuronic acid, alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-D-glucuronic acid and several oligosaccharides containing GaIA residues. The structures were unambiguously determined by a combination of 1- and 2-dimensional NMR spectroscopic techniques. Five of the six homogalacturonan-derived oligosaccharides purified contained 3-O-acetyl-GalA residues; however, methyl-esterified GaIA residues occurred adjacent to both 2-O-acetyl-GalA and 3-O-acetyl-GalA residues. An acetylated, rhamnogalacturonan-1-derived oligosaccharide that was purified also contained 3-O-acetyl-GalA residues. Taken together with published data, our findings indicate considerable diversity in the patterns of pectin esterification. The implications for the action of pectin esterases are discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume60
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2002

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