Pedestrian Decision-Making Responses to External Human-Machine Interface Designs for Autonomous Vehicles

Christopher G. Burns, Luis Oliveira, Peter Thomas, Sumeet Iyer, Stewart Birrell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


As part of a large UK-funded autonomous vehicle project (UK Autodrive), we examined pedestrian attitudes and road-crossing intentions using a real autonomous vehicle (AV) in an indoor arena. Two conceptual external human-machine interfaces (HMIs) were presented to display the vehicle's manoeuvring intentions. Participants experienced a simulated road-crossing task to assess their interactions with the AV. Although neither HMI concept was entirely free of criticism, there were objective performance differences for a projection-based HMI concept, as well as critical subjective opinions in pedestrian responses to specific manoeuvring contexts. These provided insight into pedestrians' safety concerns towards a vehicle where bi-directional communication with a driver is no longer possible, with suggestions for future vehicle HMI concepts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IV)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-0560-4
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-0561-1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2019
Event30th IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium - Paris, France
Duration: 9 Jun 201912 Jun 2019

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1931-0587
ISSN (Electronic)2642-7214


Symposium30th IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium
Abbreviated titleIV 2019
Internet address


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