Performance analysis of macrodiversity MIMO systems with MMSE and ZF receivers in flat rayleigh fading

Dushyantha A. Basnayaka, Peter J. Smith, Phillipa A. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Consider a multiuser system where an arbitrary number of users communicate with a distributed receive array over independent Rayleigh fading paths. The receive array performs minimum mean squared error (MMSE) or zero forcing (ZF) combining and perfect channel state information is assumed at the receiver. This scenario is well-known and exact analysis is possible when the receive antennas are located in a single array. However, when the antennas are distributed, the individual links all have different average signal to noise ratio (SNRs) and this is a much more challenging problem. In this paper, we provide approximate distributions for the output SNR of a ZF receiver and the output signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) of an MMSE receiver. In addition, simple high SNR approximations are provided for the symbol error rate (SER) of both receivers assuming M-PSK or M-QAM modulations. These high SNR results provide array gain and diversity gain information as well as a remarkably simple functional link between performance and the link powers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6493526
Pages (from-to)2240-2251
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2013


  • CoMP
  • Macrodiversity
  • MMSE
  • Network MIMO
  • optimum combining
  • outage probability
  • zero-forcing
  • ZF

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