Performance of API Staph ID 32 and Staph-Zym for identification of coagulase-negative staphylococci isolated from bovine milk samples

O. C. Sampimon, R. N. Zadoks, S. de Vliegher, K. Supre, F. Haesebrouck, H. W. Barkema, J. Sol, T. J. G. M. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe the computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging features of segmental caudal vena cava aplasia and associated vascular anomalies in dogs. Methods: A retrospective study was performed reviewing computed tomographic and magnetic resonance imaging archives of eight institutions for dogs with segmental caudal vena cava aplasia. Inclusion criteria included a computed tomographic or magnetic resonance imaging study and supportive diagnostic and follow-up information. Abdominal vessels were reviewed for size, shape, location and course (including tributaries and branches) and classified as normal, abnormal or shunt vessels. Results: Ten dogs with segmental caudal vena cava aplasia were identified. In all dogs, postrenal caval blood was shunted to either a right or a left azygos vein, with seven different angiographic patterns. Affected dogs were predominantly female (70 per cent) and young (mean 2.6 years). Additional portocaval and porto-azygos shunt vessels were identified in two cases each. Computed tomographic angiography and magnetic resonance angiography depicted details of abdominal vessels including thrombus formation in one dog. Clinical Significance: Segmental caudal vena cava aplasia is a vascular congenital anomaly in the dog that can be associated with thrombosis and portosystemic shunts. Computed tomographic angiography and magnetic resonance angiography are excellent tools to demonstrate the complex vascular anatomy and to guide treatment planning for portosystemic shunts and thrombolytic therapy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume136
Issue number3/4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Automation and Control [NN050]
  • Non-communicable Diseases and Injuries of Animals [LL860]
  • Diagnosis of Animal Diseases [LL886]
  • Techniques and Methodology [ZZ900]
  • Pets and Companion Animals [LL070]
  • Animal Health and Hygiene (General) [LL800]
  • aplasia
  • computed tomography
  • congenital abnormalities
  • diagnosis
  • diagnostic techniques
  • follow up
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • planning
  • radiography
  • small animal practice
  • therapy
  • thrombosis
  • vena cava
  • dogs
  • Canis
  • Canidae
  • Fissipeda
  • carnivores
  • mammals
  • vertebrates
  • Chordata
  • animals
  • small mammals
  • eukaryotes
  • archives
  • birth defects
  • blood clots
  • congenital malformations
  • magnetic resonance
  • portosystemic shunts
  • therapeutics

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