Peritoneal Albumin and Protein Losses Do Not Predict Outcome in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

O. Balafa, N. Halbesma, D. G. Struijk, F. W. Dekker, R. T. Krediet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract



Background and objectives: Peritoneal clearance of albumin—unlike the transport of small molecules—is defined by both vascular surface area and size-selective permeability. Few studies have supported a positive correlation between peritoneal albumin loss and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate whether baseline peritoneal loss and clearance of albumin and other proteins is a risk factor of death in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: All incident peritoneal dialysis patients in our center during the last 15 years were included. Mass-transfer area coefficient of creatinine and peritoneal clearances of albumin, β2-microglobulin, α2-macroglobulin, and immunoglobulin G were calculated during a standard peritoneal permeability analysis. The total amount of albumin loss in the dialysate was also calculated. Overall mortality was studied with an intention-to-treat analysis.

Results: Two hundred fifty-seven patients were included. High baseline albumin clearance was associated with fast transport status, the presence of peripheral arterial disease, and a high comorbidity index, whereas C-reactive protein levels did not differ from the patients with low albumin clearance. Age, high comorbidity score, C-reactive protein levels >10 mg/L, and a low serum albumin were associated with mortality. Peritoneal albumin clearances and albumin loss were not associated with death in crude and adjusted analysis. Similarly, peritoneal clearances of immunoglobulin G, α2-macroglobulin, and β2-microglobulin were not determinants of survival.

Conclusions: Baseline peritoneal albumin and protein clearances are associated with signs of comorbidity, but this does not have a measurable effect on patient survival.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-566
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011

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