Peritoneal flap hernioplasty for reconstruction of transverse incisional hernias

Michael F. Nielsen, Andrew de Beaux, Dimitrios Damaskos, Bruce Tulloh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
Repair of transverse incisional hernias is a surgical challenge with current methods of abdominal wall reconstruction. The peritoneal flap hernioplasty addresses this problem using flaps of hernial sac to bridge the fascial gap and isolate the mesh from both the intraperitoneal contents and the subcutaneous space exploiting the retro-rectus space medially and the avascular plane between the internal and external oblique muscles laterally. The operative technique and long-term results of 80 consecutive cases with transverse incisional hernias undergoing repair with this method are reported.

Methods
Patients undergoing elective peritoneal flap hernioplasty repair for transverse incisional hernias from Jan. 1, 2010 to Dec. 31, 2014 were identified from the Lothian Surgical Audit system, a prospectively-maintained computer database of all surgical procedures in the Edinburgh region of south-east Scotland. Patient demographics and clinical data were obtained from the hospital case-notes. Follow-up data were obtained in May 2019 from hospital records and telephone interview.

Results
80 patients, (n = 53 male, 66%) were identified. Mean follow-up was 83 months (range 55–114 months) and mean postoperative stay was 6.4 days (range 1–23 days). Eleven repairs (14%) were for recurrent hernia. Mean mesh size applied (Optilene Elastic, 48 g/m2, BBraun) was 747 cm2 (ranged 150–1500 cm2). Redundant skin excision was performed in 54% of cases. Altogether, seven patients (8.8%) presented with postoperative complications: five superficial wound infections (6.3%), one symptomatic seroma (1.3%) and one recurrence (1.3%) within the follow-up period.

Conclusion
The peritoneal flap hernioplasty is associated with few complications and a very low recurrence rate. We propose this technique as the method of choice for reconstruction of transverse abdominal incisional hernias when primary fascial apposition is not possible.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHernia
Early online date7 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

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