Persistent infection of Epstein-Barr virus-positive B lymphocytes by human herpesvirus 8

S Kliche, E Kremmer, W Hammerschmidt, U Koszinowski, J Haas

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Abstract

In patients with Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) can invariably be detected in KS tumor tissue and, at a lower frequency, in prostate tissue and peripheral blood B lymphocytes. Whereas the majority of KS spindle cells are latently infected by HHV-8, linear HHV-8 genomes characteristic for lytic infection are found predominantly in the peripheral blood cells of BS patients. In this study, we show that HHV-8 can stably infect B lymphocytes in vitro in the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). We were able to generate immortalized HNV-8+/EBV+ lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of EBV- and EBV+ donors. In HHV-8(+)/EBV+ LCLs, which have the phenotype of activated B lymphocytes (CD19(+), surface immunoglobulin M, CD23(+), CD30(+), CD80(+)), HHV-8 was still present after more than 25 passages (more than 9 months of culture). Latent viral transcripts and proteins were present in nonstimulated HHV-8(+)/EBV+ LCLs. After induction by phorbol ester and n-butyrate, HHV-8(+)/EBV+ LCLs expressed lytic HHV-8 transcripts and proteins. Moreover, HHV-8 could be serially passaged from HHV-8(+)/EBV+ LCLs to fresh PBMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8143-8149
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume72
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

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