Personality and alcohol metacognitions as predictors of levels of alcohol use in binge drinking university students

Ailsa Clark, Cathy Tran, Alexander Weiss, Gabriele Caselli, Ana Nikčević, Marcantonio Spada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigated the relative contribution of the Big 5 personality factors and alcohol metacognitions in predicting weekly levels of alcohol use in binge drinking university students. No research to date has investigated
whether either of these constructs predicts levels of weekly alcohol use in binge drinkers. A sample of university
students (n=142) who were classified as binge drinkers were administered the following self-report instruments:
NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992), Positive Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (PAMS; Spada & Wells, 2008), Negative Alcohol Metacognitions Scale (NAMS; Spada &Wells, 2008), and Khavari Alcohol Test (KAT; Khavari & Farber, 1978). Pearson product–moment correlations showed thatweekly levels of alcohol use were negatively correlated with agreeableness and conscientiousness and positively correlated with positive alcohol metacognitions about cognitive self-regulation, negative alcohol metacognitions about uncontrollability
and negative alcohol metacognitions about cognitive harm. A hierarchical regression analysis revealed that conscientiousness and positive alcohol metacognitions about cognitive self-regulation were the only two significant predictors of weekly levels of alcohol use when controlling for gender. These findings show that being male, low on conscientiousness and high on positive alcohol metacognitions about cognitive self-regulation raises the risk for increased weekly levels of alcohol use in binge drinking university students. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-540
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume37
Issue number4
Early online date3 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Alcohol expectancies
  • Alcohol metacognitions
  • Big 5 personality factors
  • Binge drinking
  • Metacognition
  • University students

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